Bath County is governed by a five member Board of Supervisors elected by the voters. Board members shall be residents of their designated magisterial district. The five magisterial districts and their representatives are: Edward T. Hicklin, Millboro District; Ron Shifflett, Cedar Creek District; Richard B. Byrd, Valley Springs District; Bart Perdue, Warm Springs District; and Stuart L. Hall, Williamsville District.

Bath County is served by five Constitutional Officers who are elected by majority vote; Sheriff Robert W. Plecker; Commonwealths Attorney John C. Singleton; Treasurer Pamela Webb; Commissioner of the Revenue Angel M. Grimm; and Circuit Court Clerk Annette T. Loan.